• Users Online: 404
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 154-159

Effect of risk factors on grades of gastroesophageal reflux disease


1 Department of Microbiology, HLA Typing Research Unit, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Surgery, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
3 Department of Microbiology, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Batool Mutar Mahdi
Department of Microbiology, HLA Typing Research Unit, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Al-Nahda Square, Baghdad
Iraq
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_38_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: There are many risk factors associated with degree of development erosive esophagitis and its complications. Aim of the Study: To evaluate the effect of risk factors on severity of esophagitis and identify the most important risk factors among patients presenting to gastroscopy unit. Patients and Methods: Patients with upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) symptoms were enrolled in gastroscope examination. For each participant, the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and immunoglobulin G Helicobacter pylori were done. Results: A total of 195 patients with upper GIT symptoms were examined by gastroscope. One hundred and twenty patients had erosive esophagitis (Grade II and III) (Group A): 75 of them were men (62.5%) and 45 (37.5%) were women. The rest 75 had gastroesophageal reflux disease Grade I (Group B), 52% of them were males, and the rest were females. Group A patients were more likely to be non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) users (42.5%) than Group B (P = 0.0002). Group A was more likely to be obese (body mass index >30) (37.5%) (P = 0.015). Men have waist circumference >102 cm and women have a waist circumference >88 cm constitute 92.5% (P = 0.0001) of Group A. Patient with Group A who had hiatus hernia (HH) were (20%) (P = 0.0001) and those with H. pylori (35%) (P = 0.001). Conclusions: Obesity, abdominal obesity, NSAID, HH, and H. pylori infection are strong risk factors for gastroesophageal reflux grades.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed846    
    Printed58    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded98    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal