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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-15

Primary fungal laryngitis: An overlooked clinical entity


1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Medical Research Laboratory, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, IDS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4 Department of Pathology, Apollo Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Santosh Kumar Swain
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), K-8, Kalinganagar, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_85_18

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Primary fungal laryngitis is a fungal infection of the larynx without affecting the other body parts such as lungs, pharynx, and oral cavity. It is an extremely rare clinical entity, especially in immunocompetent patients. Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans are common fungi associated with primary fungal laryngitis. Hoarseness of the voice is common clinical presentations. The diagnosis of the primary fungal laryngitis is often overlooked and delayed among patients as it is usually evident among immunocompromised patients. It is often confused with certain laryngeal diseases such as granulomatous diseases, leukoplakia, and malignancy. Misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis or inadequate treatment may lead to impaired functioning of the larynx and sometimes suffered from permanent disability. It is always important to identify the lesion earliest for avoiding morbid or life-threatening consequences. The purpose of this review article is to discuss the etiopathology, clinical presentations, diagnosis, and treatment of primary fungal laryngitis.


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