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Table of Contents
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 255-256

Strategic and holistic approach to respond to the problem of gender based violence


1 Vice-Principal Curriculum, Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpattu, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpattu, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission23-Aug-2019
Date of Acceptance10-Oct-2019
Date of Web Publication12-Dec-2019

Correspondence Address:
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpattu, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu - 603 108
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_50_19

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How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Strategic and holistic approach to respond to the problem of gender based violence. Apollo Med 2019;16:255-6

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Strategic and holistic approach to respond to the problem of gender based violence. Apollo Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Apr 3];16:255-6. Available from: http://www.apollomedicine.org/text.asp?2019/16/4/255/272820



Dear Editor,

Attainment of gender equality has been identified as one of the major public health targets by the global stakeholders for decades together.[1] The systematic analysis of the available estimates depicts that almost 34% of the women have experienced at least one episode of some form of violence in their lifetime, of which 30% are due to their partner.[2] Further, violence has been identified in the form of physical, mental, and sexual, and is found to increase during the periods of humanitarian emergencies, including displacement and conflicts.[3]

The epidemiological analysis has revealed that those men with poor education status or a history of abuse in their childhood or to their mother and those who are consuming excessive alcohol often are involved in violence.[1],[3] However, the role of society, existing social norms that men and women are unequal and that men are supposed to work, while women are meant for household work, acceptance of the violence against women and that they have a subordinate status, cannot be ignored at all.[1],[2],[3] In addition, beliefs regarding the honor of the family and weak legislative provisions have also played their part in augmentation in the incidence of gender-based violence.[2],[3]

Further, definitive evidence is available to suggest that both long- and short-term detrimental effects have been observed in women and the children, which in turn has accounted for the increase in healthcare expenditure.[1],[2] At the same time, such inequality may result in their isolation, no participation in domestic chores, inability to work, and thus loss of wages and ignorance toward their health or even their children.[2] Acknowledging the magnitude and the hazardous effects of this social menace, there is an immense need to increase the surveillance activities to have a precise estimate about the problem (as many women do not share their suffering) so that evidence-based strategies can be formulated.[1],[3]

In addition, there is a need to strengthen research, improve the health sector response to incidents of violence and involve different sectors for the welfare of the women.[2] Further, the role of counseling and home visits is also an effective approach in reducing the aftereffects of gender-based violence.[1] Furthermore, a wide range of innovative approaches has been tried on, including the involvement of husbands and the use of mobile applications, and each one of them has delivered encouraging results.[2] These strategies can be expanded to different settings, and a number of such cases can be either prevented or well dealt.[2]

There is a significant scope to strengthen the implementation of primary prevention and this could be through bridging the loopholes in the existing laws, which will help in minimizing the discrimination against women.[1],[2],[3] Furthermore, the health sector can aim to provide holistic services, including training of the health professionals, early detection of cases, and conduction of community surveys.[2] At the same time, steps should be taken to empower the women both financially and socially and that will play an immense role in reducing the incidence as well as recurrence of the episodes of violence.[1],[2],[3]

In conclusion, the problem of gender-based violence and gender inequality is a major public health concern, and it essentially needs the attention of the involved stakeholders to work together and thus improve the quality of life of girls and women.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Dealing with the issues of gender inequality and aiming for the empowerment of adolescent girls. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:1423-4.  Back to cited text no. 1
  [Full text]  
2.
World Health Organization. Violence against Women – Fact Sheet. World Health Organization; 2017. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/violence-against-women. [Last accessed on 2019 Aug 23].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Necessity to address gender-based violence in conflict-affected regions of Myanmar: United Nations population fund. MAMC J Med Sci 2018;4:105-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
  [Full text]  




 

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