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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-30

Pervasiveness of urinary tract infection in diabetic patients and their causative organisms with antibiotic sensitivity pattern


Division of Microbiology, ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Mahesh Chandra Sahu
Division of Toxicology, ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health, Meghani Nagar, Ahmedabad - 380 016, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_2_20

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Diabetes mellitus (DM) being polygenic disorder, affects several other organs. One of the major coinfection in DM is urinary tract infection (UTI). Due to increased blood glucose levels, a favorable environment is offered to bacteria for their growth leading to infection. DM also hampers immunologic functions such as phagocytosis, decrease in antibody production, failure of T cells and B cells to fight against pathogens which ameliorate bacterial growth. Not only bacteria but even several fungi can lead to UTI. Several factors such as duration of diabetes, age, gender, route of drug administration, type of drugs used in diabetes, poor glycemic control, obesity, unhygienic conditions, sexual intercourse, and type of DM are enhancing factors for causing UTI in diabetic patients. Day-to-day use of antibiotics has made several pathogenic bacteria resistant to the effects of antibiotics. In long terms, if UTI remains untreated in diabetic patients, then it may have severe complications. Furthermore, the resistance pattern of antibiotics differs according to the geographical locations. Hence, the use of susceptible antibiotics to cure UTI in diabetic patients is now crucial.


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