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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 277-279

A rare case of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor


1 Department of General Surgery, Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medical Student, Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Medical Student, Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation, Amalapuram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Tarun Kumar Suvvari
Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/am.am_98_20

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Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a group of endocrine neoplasms that exhibit neuroendocrine phenotypes. These include the production of neuropeptides, large dense-core secretory vesicles, and a lack of neural structures. They arise in the pancreas and are among the most common neuroendocrine tumors. A case of 38 years old female presented with a painless progressive swelling in the right upper abdomen since one month which is insidious in onset, gradually increasing in size with a history of significant weight loss and patient is not a known diabetic. On Examination, a swelling of size 5x7cm noted involving epigastric and right hypochondrium, which is not moving with respiration and dull on percussion. Plane of swelling is Intra-abdominal& retroperitoneal. Computed tomography abdomen (CECT) showed well defined rounded iso dense lesion showing heterogeneous enhancement in arterial and venous phase. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed well defined lobulated heterogeneous solid lesion with central areas of necrosis seen in the pancreaticoduodenal groove (PDG) involving main pancreatic duct (MPD) and loss of fat planes with surrounding structures most likely malignant etiology. The patient underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy surgery (Whipple procedure) and had an uneventful recovery. Post-operative biopsy report confirmed pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor grade II (well-differentiated type), stage II a – pT3 N0 Mx.


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