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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-15

Pattern of admission of stroke in Benghazi Medical Center: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Benghazi Medical Center (Endocrine Unit), Faculty of Medicine, University of Benghazi, Benghazi, Libya
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Aljamhorya Hospital, Benghazi, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Khaled D Alsaeiti
Department of Internal Medicine, Aljamhorya Hospital, Benghazi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/am.am_21_20

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Background: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, accounting for 11.13% of total deaths, and the main cause of disability worldwide. The aim of this study is to know the pattern of stroke admissions at Benghazi Medical Center (BMC) and the possible risk factors. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 110 patients admitted to BMC who were diagnosed with stroke based on the International Classification of Diseases, Revision 10 (ICD-10), from January to June 2019. Data about age, gender, comorbidities, and medical history were collected. Results: In the study period, the medical records of 110 patients were surveyed for stroke diagnostic code based on ICD-10. Our research protocol identified 110 stroke records, out of which 10 cases were unspecified stroke. Of 100 specified stroke cases, 70 cases described an ischemic incidence and 30 cases reported a hemorrhagic incidence. Analysis of demographic attributes over this dataset showed that 65 men and 35 women with mean ages of 66.4 ± 14.2 and 64.6 ± 12.4, respectively, were admitted with stroke diagnosis, irrespective of stroke type. Further analysis indicated that both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke subtypes had a high incidence in age ≥70 years (P = 0.003). The relationship between age group and stroke subtype was significant (P < 0.05). The mortality rate in this population based on the stroke subtype indicated that the mortality rate in patients diagnosed by hemorrhagic stroke is higher than those with ischemic attack (P = 0.004). Furthermore, there was no significant statistical difference between stroke subtypes and gender (P = 0.768). Analysis of possible relations between comorbid risk factors and stroke subtypes using the Chi-square test showed that, compared to other comorbid risk factors, diabetes mellitus (P = 0.003) and dyslipidemia (P = 0.001) were significantly prevalent among ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients. While hypertension (HTN) was strongly associated with hemorrhagic strokes (P = 0.001). There was no significant difference between ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes with regard to other risk factors. Conclusion: Ischemic stroke was more common than hemorrhagic stroke; overall, HTN, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia were the major risk factors of stroke in our studied population.

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