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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-19

Seizures after posterior fossa surgery: Exploring the unknown: A systematic review

1 Department of Neurology, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Center for Biomedical Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Bolivar, Colombia
3 Department of Neurosurgery, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Faculty of Medicine, El Bosque University, Bogota, Colombia
5 Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amit Agrawal
Department of Neurosurgery, Narayana Medical College Hospital, Chinthareddypalem, Nellore - 524 003, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/am.am_50_20

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Background: Seizures due to posterior fossa lesions is an uncommon phenomenon. In this study, a systemic literature review was done to (i) study the incidence of seizures in posterior fossa lesions, (ii) determine factors associated with high risk for seizures, and (iii) ascertain the role of prophylactic antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in such cases. Methods: Systemic literature review was done, for the MeSH terms “posterior cranial fossa” AND “seizures” AND “anticonvulsants.” All original research articles, case reports, and systematic reviews pertaining to seizures or the use of anticonvulsants in posterior fossa lesions were considered for inclusion. Results: A total of 79 cases of posterior fossa lesions, identified from 8 studies, were included for analysis. The incidence of seizures in posterior fossa lesions ranged from 1.8% to 5% in various studies. The highest incidence for seizures was reported with medulloblastoma, cerebellar hemorrhage, and during microvascular decompression for cases of neurovascular conflict. The most significant risk factor for seizures in the postoperative period was the use of ventricular shunt or ventriculostomy. AEDs were administered symptomatically after the occurrence of seizures in 78 cases except for the use of prophylactic AEDs in a single case of posterior cranial fossa lipoma. Conclusion: Seizures in association with posterior fossa lesions are rare and associated with a poor prognosis. Clinical detection can often be difficult and electroencephalogram helps in early diagnosis and treatment. Further studies are needed to confirm the role of prophylactic AEDs in high-risk cases.

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