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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 208-212

Liver and renal function profile of mucormycosis cases receiving amphotericin B - A retrospective study

1 Department of Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhoomi Bavadiya
GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/am.am_86_22

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Background: Mucormycosis is a serious infection that needs to be treated with prescription antifungal medicine, usually amphotericin B. In the study, we have analyzed the side effects of amphotericin B because studies have revealed that the drug has toxic effects both on the liver and the kidneys. Methodology: This is a retrospective study and was conducted using a record of mucormycotic patients who were admitted at GMERS Gotri Medical College and Hospital, Vadodara. We included the patients who were admitted to the hospital from June 1, 2021, to August 31, 2021. Three reports each of liver and renal function tests (LFT and RFT) were collected. These reports were entered into the excel sheet and a result was framed. Results: A total of 64 patients were reviewed with the infection of mucormycosis. Increase in bilirubin levels and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (significant rise) levels and decrease in albumin levels and albumin/globulin ratio were observed in LFT 2 and LFT 3 after initiating amphotericin B therapy. Similarly, a rise in serum urea and creatinine levels was observed in RFT 2 and RFT 3. The number of patients with altered serum sodium and potassium levels did not vary much in the three consecutive RFT reports. Conclusion: Amphotericin B drug does have adverse effects on the liver and kidneys. The three consecutive RFT and LFT reports revealed liver and kidney dysfunction due to damage induced by the drug. These led to altered levels of the factors included in the respective LFT and RFT reports.

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